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1. Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (e.g., hoarding disorder) have gained popularity in the media in recent years. How do portrayals of these disorders in popular culture differ from the descriptions of them in the DSM? How might the media popularity affect a personâ€™s likelihood to seek treatment?
2. In what ways do people treat their own symptoms of anxiety disorders, and trauma and stress disorders? Review the case study of Rebecca, and provide and justify a diagnostic impression for Rebecca.
Rebecca is a 15-year-old Caucasian patient brought to your office for counseling by her mother. The intake documentation identifies ongoing struggles with anxiety and depression. Your initial impression is that Rebecca is a shy teenager, very much into the Goth culture. Her hair is dyed pitch black, she wears thick black mascara and eyeliner; in spite of the hot Arizona weather, she wears a long-sleeved black shirt, black jeans, and high black camo boots. Her fingernail polish is also black: all contrasting her very white skin tone. Her mother does most of the talking; Rebecca avoids eye contact and presents disengaged.
Rebeccaâ€™s mom reports that the reason they sought your services today was because â€œshe cut again.â€ Her mom grabs her arm; reluctantly Rebecca pulls her sleeves up to reveal several fresh superficial scars but also multiple older scars, which span from her wrists to her elbow joints. The nonsuicidal self-injurious behaviors began approximately 2 years ago, a difficult time for Rebecca when they moved across the country for the fourth time since she started school. Rebecca explains that her dad is in the military and they move a lot. She reports that she was bullied a lot by her new peers in seventh grade and that, at that time, a girl at school taught her about cutting. In addition to being bullied, peer pressure among the teenage girls became difficult to cope with. Some of the boys in her class were interested in her but the more dominant, established girls brought about some serious competition. They constantly found ways to prank her or to comment on her looks or weight. The same girlfriend taught her to count calories, exercise a lot, how to use laxatives, and how to purge after a large meal. She worries a lot about her weight, grades, and her looks, and about not being liked or loved by anyone. At times, she tried cannabis and drinking alcohol to alleviate her stressâ€”but this is rare, as her parents monitor her closely. Cutting is easier to hideâ€¦and cheaper. She insists that she has never considered taking her own life, explaining that when she cuts, the pain â€œoutsideâ€ alleviates her pain â€œinside.â€