“It’s impossible! There is no justification for ignoring these entries.” These are the words spoken by Jackie Bauman at a meeting with the CFO of the company, Glen Donner. Cumberland Lumber is a regional company and privately owned by members of the Simon family. Jackie is the chief internal auditor at Cumberland Lumber, a large lumber liquidator in the Cumberland Valley of Pennsylvania. While she does not report directly to Glen Donner, the culture of the company is such that Glen makes the final call on accounting issues because he has CEO Larry Simon’s ear. The issue being discussed between Jackie and Glen is whether a variety of year-end accruals should be recorded. These include: 1. Accrual for future vacation pay of $50,000. 2. Allowance for repairs and maintenance, $70,000. 3. Reserve for inventory obsolescence, $80,000. The total amount of $200,000 is 25 percent of earnings for the year. Jackie provides the following reasons for recording these amounts: 1. The accrual for vacation pay is based on a commitment to employees to pay these amounts so long as they use their vacation hours by the end of the following calendar year. 2. The allowance for repairs is an annual adjustment to reserve for future repair costs on machinery and equipment. 3. The reserve for inventory obsolescence is a new item but reflects the failure of the company to get rid of certain lumber products that have been on the books for almost two years. Glen counters Jackie’s explanation as follows. 1. Employees may not take vacation time next year because the employment market is tight and there is an economic recession, so they may not want to leave, even for a week or two, for fear of losing their job. 2. Repairs and maintenance are discretionary expenditures, and there is no reason to accrue for them. 3. The “obsolete” inventory will be sold to a buyer who is willing to take it off the company’s hands so Glen suggests waiting until it is sold at that time for scrap value. 4.