Hightec Corporation has a seven-year contract with Magichip Company to supply 10,000 units of XT-12 at $5 per unit. Increases in materials and other costs since signing the contract two years ago make this product a cash drain to Hightec. As the manager of the subsidiary that manufactures and sells XT-12, you have discovered that a new machine, SP1000, has a higher productivity. The following is a summary of pertinent information: (For simplicity, assume that all revenues and expenses are received and paid at year-end.) The current machine can be sold for $3,000 today. Its salvage value will be $1,000 if the firm continues to use the machine for another five years. The new machine costs $100,000, will be depreciated over a five-year life, and will have a net disposal value of $5,000 in five years. The company’s after-tax cost of capital is 10 percent. If the company decides to keep the old machine, which is fully depreciated, production can continue with it for at least another five years. All machines are depreciated on a straight-line basis with no salvage value. (Assume, for simplicity, that MACRS depreciation rules do not apply.) The firm expects to continue to pay approximately 20 percent for both federal and state income taxes in the foreseeable future. At present the Magichip Company is the only user of XT-12. Required Compute: 1. The effects on the cash flow each year, including year 0, if the new machine is purchased. 2. The net present value (NPV) of the
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