Case Study 2: Amy Review Case Study 2 for Amy. Create the graph and answer the questions. In addition to the case study narrative, the behavior observations, ABC Chart, ADHDT-2, FBA, and BIP have b

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Case Study 2: Amy

Review Case Study 2 for Amy.  Create the graph and answer the questions.   In addition to the case study narrative, the behavior observations, ABC Chart, ADHDT-2, FBA, and BIP have been included in the module.  The answers for the questions will come from the case study.

This case outlines best practices that an interventionist, behavior specialist, or school psychologist can use when it is suspected that a student may have ADHD.  Amy was already in academic intervention when her teacher and the interventionist  saw a need for a behavioral intervention.  They followed these steps:  behavior observations with time-samples;  observations using ABC Chart Analysis; FBA; ADHD norm-referenced rating scales (school and home); behavior intervention plan.   After collecting this information, a meeting with the parents will be held to show them the results of the observations and Amy’s time on task, the results of the FBA and the BIP, and the results of the norm-referenced rating scales.

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If you do not know how to create a line graph using Excel, you may want to do an internet search pertinent to your version/year of Excel or search You Tube videos.

EDU 665 Case Study 2 Amy rev 2015-2.docx Download EDU 665 Case Study 2 Amy rev 2015-2.docx

Case Study 2: Amy Review Case Study 2 for Amy. Create the graph and answer the questions. In addition to the case study narrative, the behavior observations, ABC Chart, ADHDT-2, FBA, and BIP have b
EDU 665 William Carey University Case Study #2 – Amy Instructions: Read the case study below about a second grade girl named Amy who is having difficulty with math, inattention, and completing assignments. Respond to the assignments/questions that follow. Total Points: 25 (graph = 15; questions and answers = 10) Case Study Amy is an eight-year-old second grader at Layton Primary School where she has attended since kindergarten. She has not repeated any grades and attends school regularly. Amy has solid “B” averages in reading and language arts. She has always struggled with math and was placed in Tier 2 of the Response to Intervention process for academic intervention as her math grades began falling and she obtained an average of “70/D” for the previous term. Amy has average to above average intelligence. She is typically pleasant and makes friends easily. She is eager to please and wants to do well. Amy has average language functioning but sometimes interprets things literally or does not understand the intent of questions. She can become somewhat oppositional and may experience an outburst when she is frustrated or does not understand a task. She has experienced test or task anxiety, more so with math. The interventionist, Ms. Hahn, determined that Amy does not have instant recall of addition and subtraction facts (0-18) and is integrating Touch Math into the Great Leaps intervention. Touch Math provides students with a tactile, systematic approach to solving simple addition and subtraction problems. Great Leaps emphasizes concrete manipulation of objects, representations of numerical equations, and abstract use of numerals. Great Leaps recommends that 8-year-olds correctly answer 25 problems in 1 minute. Amy’s scores for addition facts ranged from 10 to 27 with a mean of 19 and a goal of 25 correct responses per minute. A review of her data indicates uneven, sporadic progress. Amy’s teacher, Ms. Green, reports that Amy has difficulty sustaining attention and poor concentration. She has difficulty staying on-task and completing tasks. Amy has proficient reading skills and is capable of making “A’s”; however, incomplete assignments and careless errors sometime lower her grades. While her overall math skills are not significantly deficient at this point, her grades are affected by her poor recall of basic facts, fluctuating performance, and incomplete assignments. Two momentary time-sampling observations were conducted, one during reading and one during math. Momentary time-sampling requires that the observer look at the target student at one set point during each time interval, record relevant behaviors observed, and then not again observe and record those behaviors until the same point in the next interval. For this component, two students are necessary. One is the target student and the other chosen randomly to be observed in the same observation period as a comparison student. The students are observed for on-task and off-task behaviors. During the observation in reading, Amy was on-task 80% of the time-sample observation, while the peer was on-task 95%. She raised her hand and participated in class. She occasionally looked around and appeared to be daydreaming. She was compliant when the teacher told her “to get busy” or “pay attention.” She played with her pencil and swung her feet. During the math observation, Amy was on-task 45% of the time-sample observation, while the peer was on-task 93%. She frequently looked around, leaned back in her chair, sat on her foot, and bobbed her head. She began working on the worksheet when instructed to do so but became distracted and did not complete the assignment. An ABC Analysis Chart showed that when Amy was given verbal as well as written directions to complete an assignment, she exhibited inattentive behaviors such as looking around the room, staring into space, or appearing to daydream. This resulted in incomplete assignments and low grades. A functional behavioral assessment was conducted and the following problem behaviors were found: inattention; has trouble paying attention to math examples and then trying them on her own; if it is something she feels is hard, she will not always pay attention; she either has trouble with verbal directions or with the operations/steps. It was noted that the problem behaviors most likely occur in the morning or afternoon but always in math class. The people present when the behaviors occur include peers, teachers, and staff. The problem behaviors are less likely to occur when Amy completely understands the math objectives and she is given frequent redirection. The consequences after the behaviors of concern occur are typically that Amy escapes or avoids teacher attention, non-preferred activity, task, or setting, or a difficult task or frustrating situation. She has an inability to focus and maintain concentration. Both parent and teacher completed a norm-referenced screening instrument that is designed to identify individuals who present severe behavioral problems that may be indicative of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The parent’s and the teacher’s ratings yielded ADHD Quotients that indicated Amy has a very likely probability of having ADHD. After collecting baseline data for five days, Ms. Green and Ms. Hahn created a behavior intervention, Sticker Bracelets, to address incomplete assignments to be reviewed after ten days. At the beginning of each school day, Amy was given a bracelet made from painters’ tape to wear with a verbal reminder of the target behavior of completing assignments. A small sticker was placed on the bracelet for each completed assignment, and she was praised by Ms. Green describing her specific good behavior. Since the number of daily assignments varied, Ms. Green chose the number of stickers required for Amy to select a reinforcer each day. Amy was allowed to select a reinforcer from a menu designed by Ms. Green and Amy. Ms. Green recorded the percentage of completed assignments daily. She set the goal at a mean of 80% compliance over a period of ten days. Assignment A. Plot the baseline data and intervention data of a graph using spreadsheet software. Refer to the instructions for creating a graph found in D2L under Content: Chapter 5. B. Label all parts of the graph, giving a title to the graph that includes the target behavior, the student’s name, etc., and identifying the vertical and horizontal axes. C. Connect the data points to form a data path. Draw a line between the baseline and intervention data. D. Answer the questions listed after the Data Collection information. Data Collection Baseline Data Date % of Completed Assignments Jan 16 70 Jan 20 63 Jan 21 38 Jan 22 50 Jan 23 60 Intervention Data Date % of Completed Assignments Jan 26 70 Jan 27 70 Jan 28 63 Jan 29 70 Jan 30 80 Feb 2 50 Feb 3 67 Feb 4 83 Feb 5 71 Feb 6 88 Questions 1. Based on the ABC Analysis, what was the a. antecedent – b. behavior – c. consequence(s) – 2. According to the Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA), when were the problem behaviors most likely to occur? 3. According to the FBA, what were the consequences of the problem behaviors? 4. What was the dependent variable or target behavior of the behavior intervention plan? 5. Why was this particular target behavior chosen for intervention? 6. What was the independent variable? 7. What was the mean of the intervention data collected? Did Amy meet the goal of the intervention? 8. What type of intervention design did you create in the graph? 9. List at least three positive statements about Amy that Ms. Green and Ms. Hahn can make to Amy’s parents at the beginning of a conference. 10. Using the data and pieces of information collected, list at least three things that can be shared with Amy’s parents to support a need for further assessment of ADHD with a medical doctor.

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