Answer the following questions in complete sentences:
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QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH CRITIQUE GUIDE
Use the following guide in writing the critique:
1. Statement of the Problem/Purpose
Is the problem/purpose clearly stated?
Is it easy to identify and locate?
Is it significant to nursing?
2. Review of Literature
Is it recent? Five years or newer?
Were primary sources of authorities or experts used?
Is it relevant to the stated problem?
Does it provide a solid basis for the study?
3. Conceptual/Theoretical Framework
Is there a theoretical or conceptual framework, rationale, and/or map, and (if so) is it appropriate? If not, is the absence of
Are key concepts adequately defined conceptually?
4. Hypothesis(es) or research question(s)
Are research questions and/or hypotheses explicitly stated? If not, is their absence justified?
Are they adequately stated with clear specification of key variables and the study population?
Are they placed in the contexts of a theoretical or conceptual framework?
5. Research Method(s)
Were appropriate procedures used to safeguard the rights of study participants? Was the study subject to external review by
an IRB/ethics review board?
Was study designed to minimize risk?
6. Research Design
Does the approach fit the purpose and hypothesis (es)?
Was the most rigorous possible design used, given the purpose of the research?
Was the number of data collection points appropriate?
Did the design minimize biases and threats to internal construct, and external validity of the study?
7. Population and Sample
Was the population properly identified and described? Was the sample described in sufficient detail?
Was the best possible sampling design used to enhance the sample’s representativeness? Were sample biases minimized?
Was the sample size adequate? Was a power analysis used to estimate sample size needs?
8. Data Collection and Measurement
Are the operational and conceptual definitions congruent?
Were key variables operationalized using the best possible method and with adequate justification?
Are instruments objective? Reliable? Valid?
Were data collected in a manner that minimized bias? Were the staff that collected data appropriately trained?
9. Data Analysis
Were appropriate statistical methods used, given the level of measurement of the variables, number of groups being
Is a thorough descriptive analysis given?
Were Type 1 and Type II errors avoided or minimized?
10. Presentation of Findings/Implications
Are all hypotheses discussed with findings adequately summarized, with appropriate use of tables and figures?
Are findings reported in a manner that facilitates a meta-analysis and with sufficient information needed for evidence based
Were the recommendations for clinical practice and further research reasonable and complete?
Are limitations presented and adequate?