This is the discussion you wrote in a early post used it for this paper and the attachment below. Also, I have given you feedback from instruction to used in the paper. Describe the research gap you i

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This is the discussion you wrote in a early post used it for this paper and the attachment below. Also, I have given you feedback from instruction to used in the paper.

Describe the research gap you identified and share the research question you came up with within your topic proposal and literature review worksheet document in module two.

Based on initial resources, I have decided to concentrate on problem-solving, where I have dedicated various ideas and suggestions towards the study of problem-solving in real-world situations. The topic gives a vast understanding of the cognitive process, which is currently involved in the real world. Problem-solving focus on perception and action endowed in an issue of significant influence. The research gap shows that various studies have emphasized problems that make the topic wide and improve general integration with the cognitive process and involved activities. Various causes have been revealed behind the development of problem-solving techniques and people’s interaction. Most of the direct connection has been demonstrated that problem-solving is an issue that enhances one’s understanding and draws a solution based on possible interaction.

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The research question that arose in the chosen topic states; how does a solution arise from a problem-solving situation? In what ways does the answer to the problem identify attained?

Along with the first three references you chose in milestone one, add four references to this milestone, listing them in APA format. Please give a brief description of what they show, how they tie into your chosen topic, and how they help demonstrate the gap.


Reference 1

Wang, Y., & Chiew, V. (2010). On the cognitive process of human problem-solving.Cognitive systems research,11(1), 81-92. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389041708000417

The author gives more emphasis on problem-solving, which is one of the fundamental human cognitive processes in the real world situation. The article shows out that problem solving interacts with various cognitive processes such as learning, searching, inference, decision making, and synthesis, which are the basis of general knowledge. Through the cognitive process, problem-solving gives the brain a search solution and also finds a path for a person to reach the set target. Through ethical issues, we can see that when a problem has been identified, then problem-solving gives a search process that finds the general relationship between the set goal of the solution and an alternative outcome. The article has presented various cognitive structures of the brain and the internal knowledge representation behind the problem-solving explanation. Therefore, cognitive is expressed by the use of real time process algebra, which computes and reveals some of the processes as being layered in different regions.


Reference 2

Van Horik, J. O., & Madden, J. R. (2016). A problem with problem-solving: motivational traits, but not cognition, predict success on novel operant foraging tasks.Animal behavior,114, 189-198. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347216000464

The article gives us an investigation of proper consistency in various problem-solving performances, which are more of captive-reared. There is an explanation of whether success depends on cognitive processes such as presentation of trial and error associative method of learning. It also expresses on whether performance might be driven solely via change of cognitive motivation mechanism and willingness of one’s approach. Most of its evaluation is depicted by the use of ethical reasoning issues, which are consistent across the research analysis of the article. Findings suggest that individual differences can only be achieved if we deploy problem techniques and infer most of the cognitive processes.


Reference 3

Eichmann, B., Goldhammer, F., Greiff, S., Pucite, L., & Naumann, J. (2019). The role of planning in complex problem-solving.Computers & Education,128, 1-12. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131518302082

The author gives an evaluation of complex problem solving (CPS), which is highly traversal incompetence as needed in various daily problem-solving activities. In the article, any assessment related to CPS is more problem-solving and computer-based. Therefore, it provides data that not only has outcomes but also has alterations of various process CPS. Most of the ethical issues depicted in this article align with changes of a solution made in the research gap and question posed as expressed issues are scarce. The article has investigated on planning activities that are complicated in problem-solving as they operationalize in various behavioral measures. It is subjective that most of its planning has an average negative effect, which indicates the change in various real-world situations. With all these indicators, the shadow outcome of the article has shown the result of different planning, which are highly twined for positive research planning.


Reference 4

Nurdyansyah, N., Siti, M., & Bachtiar, S. B. (2017). Problem Solving Model with Integration Pattern: Student’s Problem Solving Capability. http://eprints.umsida.ac.id/2895/

The article focus on creating a new model of learning, which is highly integrated with the value of science and especially currently problem-solving the situation. The results of the article showed that there is a link with the research gap and depicted the research question. Learning has been deployed in this article to integrate various ethical issues and knowledge, which is more of Islamic nature and science depiction. A lot of information presented in this article shows various problems are united by the use of the sum of numbers. Therefore, problem-solving can decipher various cognitive issues which are absent in diverse thinking capability, which are logically persuasive. Knowing most of this change leas to scientific thinking, which is capable of improving learner’s interaction

References

Eichmann, B., Goldhammer, F., Greiff, S., Pucite, L., & Naumann, J. (2019). The role of planning in complex problem-solving.Computers & Education,128, 1-12. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131518302082

Nurdyansyah, N., Siti, M., & Bachtiar, S. B. (2017). Problem Solving Model with Integration Pattern: Student’s Problem Solving Capability. http://eprints.umsida.ac.id/2895/

Van Horik, J. O., & Madden, J. R. (2016). A problem with problem-solving: motivational traits, but not cognition, predict success on novel operant foraging tasks.Animal behavior,114, 189-198.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347216000464

Wang, Y., & Chiew, V. (2010). On the cognitive process of human problem-solving.Cognitive systems research,11(1), 81-92. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389041708000417

FEEDBACK FROM INSTRUCTION

Great job of locating quality, peer-reviewed articles. Another key word you can use is “insight.” I sounds like want to know what leads to that “aha” moment when you figure out the solution to a problem, correct? Some problems are solved gradually while insight problems are usually solved with a sudden change in mindset. You could propose a study where you examine what conditions precede those moments

This is the discussion you wrote in a early post used it for this paper and the attachment below. Also, I have given you feedback from instruction to used in the paper. Describe the research gap you i
Running head: PAPER TITLE 0 Paper Title Full Name Southern New Hampshire University Literature Review In this section, summarize the studies you reviewed for your chosen topic. Summarize how the evidence in that literature and in the text relates to key aspects of cognition and explains how cognitive processes influence human behavior. Explain how the view of cognition has evolved over the history of the field, using examples from your references to do so. Explain conclusions that can be reached about cognitive psychology based on the research you explored, and use examples from that research. Describe the specific research designs used in the studies you reviewed and how the authors used those designs to address the research questions. Explain how they addressed ethics, using examples from the articles, and discuss how this ties into the historical view of ethics. The Topic Proposal and Literature Review Worksheet document you filled out in this class contains much of the material you need for this section. You listed the studies you used in APA format on the worksheet, so you can paste those titles onto the reference page of this template in that proper format. The worksheet required you to address many of the areas covered in the paragraphs above. Adapt that material for use in this paper. Be sure to properly cite the material you use. You should have at least one citation for each of your references. Research Design Explain the research gap you identified after reviewing the previous studies and state your research question. Describe the way in which you would design a study to address the gap and answer your research question. Explain how you would address any ethical issues and how this plan was influenced by historical factors. Conclusion You are not required to include a formal conclusion, but you may do so if you wish to tie your paper together. Proofread your paper carefully for spelling, syntax, and grammar errors before turning it in. You may use the Smarthinking tutor service prior to handing it in. Pay careful attention to citations and references, which should be done in APA style. The references page in this example shows how to properly format your textbook as a reference. Your title and references pages should be separate pages with nothing on them other than those elements. Use 12-point Times New Roman font and one-inch margins. Double space your paper as shown in this template. You are required to use APA style in your final paper submission. You will not be marked down if you try it and make some formatting errors. However, the rubric does require you to avoid citation, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organizational errors. References Goldstein, E. B. (2015, June 25). Cognitive psychology: Connecting mind, research and everyday experience (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage.
This is the discussion you wrote in a early post used it for this paper and the attachment below. Also, I have given you feedback from instruction to used in the paper. Describe the research gap you i
PSY 305 Final Project Milestone Three Guidelines and Rubric Overview : For this milestone, due in Module Five , you will submit a draft of your final research investigation paper. Your instructor will give you feedback on your paper to help you improve it for the final version. Do the best possible job on your draft; the more closely it meets the final requirements, the less edi ting you will have to do on the final version, which is due in Module Seven. Your final paper draft should incorporate instructor feedback gained thus far in the course. It will also be very important for you to apply the feedback you receive from this draft to your final submission. The final project is meant for you to propose a hypothetical study. You are not and should not be con ducting human subjects research for this project. It is not necessary for the purposes of this assignment. All human subjects research requires written approval from the SNHU COCE Institutional Review Board in order to protect the welfa re and ensure ethica l treatment of the subjects. You may use material from your Topic Proposal and Literature Review Worksheet and discussion posts , as th ese assignments were based directly on the final paper requirements. Their purpose was to help you gather material to use in the final paper. The research investigation paper requires seven references to use for the literature review requirements in the rubric. You may use references from the milestones or swap out some for other a ppropriate references, as long as you use a total of seven. Follow the rubric requirements very closely, since your grade is based on how well your draft meets the requi rements in each of the rubric categories. Be sure to use the provided Final Project Paper Template document as a guide to help ensure you meet all of the requirements. The template is formatted in APA style , which you must use in your final submission. As a reminder, refer to the tutorials at the Smart hinking Online Tutoring Service to assist you in your writing , as well as to the webpage SNHU Online Writing Center for guidance on how to proper ly cite sources in APA style . Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed: I. Literature Review : In this part of the assessment you will analyze exi sting research in the field to understand how the field of cognitive psychology has changed over time, how researchers have designed research to study cognition, and how issues of ethics have historically been addressed in the field. A. Summarize the claims m ade by the authors of the existing research in the field regarding the key aspects of cognition . In other words, what conclusions have the authors of the research reached about the important aspects of our cognitive capabilities? For example, what claims d o the authors make about memory, attention, or perception? What claims are made about problem solving, language, and critical thinking? B. Summarize the claims made by the authors of the existing research in the field regarding how cognitive processes influe nce human behavior. In other words, what conclusions have the authors of the research reached about how key aspects of cognition influence our behav ior? C. Explain how the view of cognition has evolved over the history of cognitive psychology. Be sure to sup port your explanation with examples from research. Explain the conclusions you can reach about research in cognitive psychology . In other words, explain what we know about cognition, based on your review of the existing research in the field. Be sure to su pport your analysis with examples from research to support your claim. D. Describe the specific research designs used in the existing research in the field and how these designs are used to address research questions. For example, what were the specific methods used to address their research question s? What type s of research design were used? E. Explain how research designs were used by authors to conduct research in cognitive psycholo gy. In other words, how did the research designs used by researchers help in conducting research regarding cognitive psychology? F. Discuss how issues of ethics have been addressed in the existing research in the field. For example, how did the authors infor m the participants of what the experiment would entail? How did the authors account for any potential risks to participants associated with the study? G. Discuss how issues of ethics in cognitive psychology have been viewed historically. In other words, how h ave issues of ethics in the field been viewed over time? Has this view changed as the field has progressed? Be sure to support your response with examples from rese arch to support your claims. II. Research Design : In this part of the assessment, use your prev ious analysis of the existing research in the field to develop your research design. You will identify a gap in the research you have reviewed, explain how the research supports further exploration of that aspect of cog nitive psychology, and develop a rese arch question addressing the gap. You will then determine an appropriate research design and explain how it could be implemen ted , and how you will account for issues of ethics in your proposed research question. A. Identify a gap in cognitive psychology resea rch that is unexplored or underdeveloped. For example, is there an unexplored aspect of cognition you believe could be further explored? B. Develop a basic research question addressing the identified gap. In other words, create a question that you could answe r in potential research further investigat ing your identified gap. Be sure to support your developed research question with examples from research to support your claims. C. Determine an appropriate research design that addresses your research question regarding cognitive psychology and explain why this design was chosen. Be sure to support your response with examples from your analysis and the existing research in the field that support s the determined research des ign. D. Explain how you will account for issues of ethics associated with your proposed research. In other words, how will you ensure that issues of ethics associated with your proposed research have been managed appropriately? Be sure to support your analysi s with examples from research to support your claims. E. Explain how your approach to accounting for issues of ethics was informed by your review of the existing research in the field. In other words, what did you learn from the existing research in the fiel d in terms of how to address issues of ethics that you were able to incorporate in your own design? Guidelines for Submission: Your final paper draft should be 4 –6 pages in length , using 12 -point Times New Roman font and one -inch margins . It should include seven sources cited in APA format. Note: T he grading rubric for this milestone submission is not identical to that of the final project. The Final Project I Rubric will include an add itional “Exemplary” category that provides guidance as to how you can go above and beyond “Proficient” in your final submission. Rubric Critical Elements Proficient (100%) Needs Improvement (80 %) Not Evident (0%) Value Literature Review: Key Aspects of Cognition Summarizes the evidence presented in the existing research in the field regarding the key aspects of cognition Summarizes the evidence presented in the existing research in the field regarding the key aspects of cognition, but summary is cursory or contains inaccuracies Does not summarize the evidence presented in the existing research in the field regarding the key aspects of cognition 6.33 Literature Review: Cognitive Processes Influence Summarizes the evidence presented in the existing research in the field for how cognitive processes influence human behavior Summarizes the evidence presented in the existing research in the field for how cognitive processes influence human behavior, but summary is cursory or contains inaccuracies Does no t summarize the evidence presented in the existing research in the field for how cognitive processes influence human behavior 6.33 Literature Review: History Explains how the view of cognition has evolved over the history of the field , using examples from the research Explains how the view of cognition has evolved over the history of the field, but explanation is cursory or lacks examples from research Does not explain how the view of cognition has evolved over the history of the field 6.33 Literature Review: Cognitive Psychology Explains the conclusions that can be reached about cognitive psychology, based on analysis of the existing research in the field using examples from the research Explains the conclusions that can be drawn about cognitive psyc hology presented in the course, but explanation is cursory, contains inaccuracies, or lacks examples from research Does not explain the conclusions that can be drawn about cognitive psychology 19 Literature Review: Research Designs Describes the specific research designs used in the existing research in the field to address research questions Describes the research designs used in the existing research in the field to address research questions, but description is cursory, contains inaccuracies, o r response does not reference specific research designs from the research Does not describe the research designs used in the existing research in the field to address research questions 6.33 Literature Review: Conduct Research Explains how research designs were used by authors in the existing research in the field to conduct research Explains how research designs were used by authors in the existing research in the field to conduct research, but explanation is cursory or contains inaccuracies Does no t explain how research designs were used by authors in the existing research in the field to conduct research 6.33 Literature Review: Issues of Ethics Discusses how issues of ethics have been addressed in the existing research in the field , using example s from the research Discusses how issues of ethics have been addressed in the existing research in the field , but discussion is cursory, contains inaccuracies, or lacks examples from research Does not discuss how issues of ethics have been addressed in the existing research in the field 4.75 Literature Review: Viewed Discusses how issues of ethics in cognitive psychology have been viewed historically , using examples from the research Discusses how issues of ethics in cognitive psychology have been viewed historically, but discussion is cursory, contains inaccuracies, or lacks examples from research Does not discuss how issues of ethics in cognitive psychology have been viewed historically 4.75 Research Design : Gap Identifies a gap in the existing cognitive psychology research in the field that is unexplored or underdeveloped Identifies a gap in the existing cognitive psychology research in the field that is unexplored or underdeveloped, but identification contains inaccuracies Does not identify a gap in the existing cognitive psychology research in the field that is unexplored or underdeveloped 9.5 Research Design : Research Question Develops a basic research question addressing the identified gap that is supported by examples from the research Develops a basic research question addressing the identified gap, but developed research question is cursory, contains inaccuracies , or lacks examples from the research Does not develop a basic research question addressing the identified gap 9.5 Research Design: Research Design Determines an appropriate research design that addresses the research question and explains why it was chosen, using examples from the analysis and the research Determines a research design that addresses the research question and explains why it was chosen, but determination contains inaccuracies, or explanation is cursory or lacks examples from previous analysis or research Does not determine a research design that addresses the research question and explain why it was chosen 6.33 Research Design: Issues of Ethics Explains how issues of ethics would be accounted for with the proposed research, using examples from the research Explains how issues of ethics would be accounted for with the proposed research, but explanation is cursory, contains inaccuracies, or lacks examples from the research Does not explain how issues of ethics would be accounted for with the proposed research 4.75 Research Design: Informed Explains how approach to accounting for issues of ethics was informed by review of the existing research in the field , using personal thoughts and examples from the research Explains how approach to accounting for issues of ethics was informed by review of the existing research in the field, but explanation is curso ry, contains inaccuracies, or response is not supported by personal thoughts and examples from research Does not explain how approach to accounting for issues of ethics was informed by review of the existing research in the field 4.75 Articulation of Resp onse Submission has no major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization Submission has major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that negatively impact readability and articulation of main ideas Submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that prevent understanding of ideas 5.02 Total 100 %
This is the discussion you wrote in a early post used it for this paper and the attachment below. Also, I have given you feedback from instruction to used in the paper. Describe the research gap you i
PSY 305 Topic Proposal and Literature Review Worksheet This worksheet will help you complete Milestone One of Final Project Part I, a research investigation. Using the feedback received from your instructor and classmates in Module One, describe your chosen topic in the box below: Based on my chosen topic in problem-solving, I have dedicated my views and opinions towards the study of problem-solving. This topic is vital as it helps in understanding the cognitive processes which are currently involved in problem-solving. Most of this involvement is based on two main features, which are action and perception. Various people have given various options that align with this topic, and generally, it has improved the general interaction of the cognitive processes. Then, select your first three references to support your chosen topic, keeping in mind that you will ultimately need seven references for your final paper. Answer the questions below for each of your first three references. The references should be listed in the American Psychological Association (APA) format. Note that you may use literature reviews rather than studies. If you do, mark “N/A” for the last two questions. Reference One: Cite your reference in APA style: Kafadar, H. (2012). Cognitive Model of Problem Solving. Yeni Symposium, 50(4), 195–206. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.snhu.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=asn&AN=88991260&site=eds-live&scope=site What are the key aspects of cognition covered in this reference/study? The given reference precisely looks into various processes that are involved in problem-solving. Some of the studies involved in this reference focus on cognitive models such as structural equation models or raven standard progressive matrices modes. The major aim of these models depicted in the reference gives us an understanding of cognitive stages that are involved in problem-solving. What evidence does the reference/study present for how cognitive processes influence the area of human behavior covered in research? The author (Kafadar) fully discusses on various cognitive models that decipher changes in problem-solving, and they are grouped into 3. They include firming the alternative hypothesis, which is used to obtain a solution, testing, and recognition of the problem before a solution is obtained. If your reference covers a study, what research design was used for the study, and why do you think the researchers chose it? Kafadar has provided various assessment which aligns with cognitive models where the research has involved 250 participants in its initial assessment using the verbal protocol. After the first assessment was over, 79 subjects voluntarily erupted, which moved to the second stage. Therefore, I believe that the research needs to choose a design that will provide a general understanding of how problem-solving has to move and provide various follow up for change and assessment. Most of the participation in the model evaluates the problem-solving process, which differs from the assessment. Most of this analysis provides an increased amount of data, which varies with the cognitive models for the problem involved. How did the researchers address potential ethical issues in the study, and did they do it adequately? Why or why not? In the article, the research made sure that most of the participants were informed about the study process and its purpose. The first stage involved 250 participants. The second stage was 78, who made a volunteer in the assist of additional assessment on matters of problem-solving. The research addressed the potential ethical issues by interacting with various participants, and this permitted both researchers before the study began. Reference Two: Cite your reference in APA style: Rysuek, I. (2010). Human knowledge in the context of cognitive psychology. Studia Psychologica, 52(4), 267-284. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.snhu.edu?login?url+https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspex?direct=true&db=psyh&AN=2011-03291-002&site=eds-live&scope=site What are the key aspects of cognition covered in this reference/study? Key aspects covered in this aspect focus more on cognitive processes, problem-solving, and cognitive intelligence, among others. The research study did focus on understanding dominance, which lies in human existence. Therefore, as we focus on problem-solving, there is a need to ensure the process us valid and well defined. What evidence does the reference/study present for how cognitive processes influence the area of human behavior covered in research? The article discusses foundational understanding, which lies in cognitive psychologists as it gives us to emphasize how human experience is independent of the environment set up. It is good to predict and hypothesize some of the plans made and draw conclusions based on the knowledge and relationship of the working set up. If your reference covers a study, what research design was used for the study, and why do you think the researchers chose it? N/A How did the researchers address potential ethical issues in the study, and did they do it adequately? Why or why not? N/A Reference Three: Cite your reference in APA style: Goldstone, R. L., & Pizlo, Z. (2009). New Perspective on Human Problem Solving. Journal of Problem Solving, 2(2), 1-5. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.snhu.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1115925&site=edlive&scope=site What are the key aspects of cognition covered in this reference/study? The research study gives us various perspectives in response to problem solving and aspect of cognitive psychology as it is involved in the importance of human ability for some problem-solving. It also gives a relationship with various machines involved in problem-solving. What evidence does the reference/study present for how cognitive processes influence the area of human behavior covered in research? The given study claims that humanity has to focus on training, which is a continuous process and has to give a better understanding of the rules that limit various problem-solving techniques. Some of these changes and problem provide an interpretation of a situation which needs some follow up in obtaining the solution towards the set problem. If your reference covers a study, what research design was used for the study, and why do you think the researchers chose it? N/A How did the researchers address potential ethical issues in the study, and did they do it adequately? Why or why not? N/A Considering all three references, address the questions below: How have views on this topic changed over time? In the 1900’s it has been validated out that gestalt psychology is mostly involved in problem-solving as it focuses on the optimal solution, which has various stages in solving the problem. Progress of technology and mathematical analysis, as depicted in the study, must have an easier interest, especially on machines. The human process for problem-solving has to be viewed on applications that solve some of the problems and provide change for the real-world outcome. What conclusions can be reached, based on these studies and references? From the given references, we can understand that stages and steps involved in the problem must have action and perception. Therefore, as a reader, we need to understand that problem solving must have a comparison based on the process of computation and how humanity possesses some of the merits of insights. What gaps exist in these studies that could be addressed in future research? In this study, there is a need to understand the full relationship and some of the influence which aligns with problem-solving. Most of this is based on cognitive abilities such as judgment and memory, which are involved in decision making. Based on your topic selection and initial resources, what is your research question? What relationship does problem-solving have on judgment and memory as depicted in decision making?

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